Hoy en día, muchas empresas operan a través de las llamadas "oficinas virtuales" u "oficinas de coworking", ya que se puede hacer mucho trabajo digitalmente o en la nube. Una "oficina virtual" es un acuerdo que permite a una empresa tener presencia sin la necesidad de pagar el alquiler de un espacio real y permite a los empleados de una empresa trabajar de forma remota. "Coworking" es un acuerdo por el cual los empleados de la empresa trabajan en espacios de oficinas compartidas para que la empresa no tenga la necesidad de pagar el alquiler del espacio de oficina. Si bien estos tipos de arreglos reflejan la tendencia moderna de la economía digital, las decisiones recientes de los Servicios de Ciudadanía e Inmigración de los Estados Unidos (USCIS) demuestran que este tipo de oficinas son insuficientes para la categoría L-1A.
Nowadays, many companies operate through what are called "virtual offices" or "coworking offices" since much work can be done digitally or in the cloud. A "virtual office" is an arrangement that enables a company to have a presence without the need to pay rent for an actual space and allows employees of a business to work remotely. "Coworking" is an arrangement whereby the company's employees work in shared offices spaces so that the company does not have the need to pay rent for office space. While these types of arrangements reflect the modern trend of the digital economy, recent decisions of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) demonstrate that such types of offices are insufficient for the L-1A category.
¿Muchos clientes extranjeros que quieren venir a vivir a los Estados Unidos me preguntan, "cuál es la mejor visa para mi o que visa me conviene?", así que decidí escribir un pequeño resumen practico de las visas más comunes.
I am happy to report that we are experiencing a significant increase in the speed and fequency of immigration approvals. Recently, we've had several approvals in one of the most difficult of immigration categories, the multinational executive category (EB-1) and such petitions have been approved with lightning speed. Click here to see the most recent Approval Notice.pdf that we received. As it can be seen, the approval was granted in approximately 6 to 7 months. In this case, NO request for evidence was sent to us!
Una de las formas más fáciles para que un ciudadano extranjero inmigre a los Estados Unidos es mediante la compra de un negocio en el país, particularmente si el ciudadano extranjero es ciudadano de una nación que tiene un tratado con los Estados Unidos, como Argentina, Italia, Colombia y Honduras entre otros. El Departamento de Estado Norteamericano publica una lista de países que tienen un tratado con los EE. UU., que se puede encontrar aquí: Treaty Countries.
It seems no matter how the political and economic climate changes in the United States, it is still a land of opportunity for those seeking a new path. Unfortunately, the process of becoming a U.S. permanant resident and/or U.S. citizen can seem complicated and cumbersome.
Un aspecto de la ley de inmigración que pocos conocen es el hecho de que existen sanciones penales para ciertos ciudadanos extranjeros si no cambien su dirección cuando se mudan. Específicamente, la Sección 266 (a) de la Ley de Inmigración y Nacionalidad establece que:
As I have advocated in previous blogs, one solution to resolve the unreasonable and inordinate delays in visa petition processing times is to take the government to court, either under the Mandamus Act, 28 U.S.C. §1361, or under the Administrative Procedures Act, 5 U.S.C. §555(b), or both. What is particularly compelling is that under the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. §2412, a prevailing party shall be awarded attorney's fees where the government cannot show that its position "was substantially justified." The government has the burden of proving that its position was substantially justified. I would argue that the visa processing delays that we are experiencing now cannot be justified. In fact, there are fewer immigration petitions being filed, but the processing delays have increased disproportionatly. Therefore, it is most likely that the applicant and/or beneficiary would be awarded attorney's fees if the applicant prevails in Federal Court.
One of the issues that we face the most in our immigration practice is the lack of clarity and/or transparency in the processing times that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ("USCIS") has for adjudicating petitions. This makes clients frustrated on many levels, but it is something that has become the new normal in our immigration environment.
Under Section 101((a)(15)(E)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. §1101 et seq.), certain foreign nationals that are citizens of a country that has entered into a treaty of commerce and navigation with the United States, may obtain a nonimmigrant visa and work and live in the U.S. if such foreign national has invested a "substantial amount of capital" in a U.S. enterprise. This is what is referred to as the "E-2 Treaty Investor Visa" category. There are numerous countries that qualify for this visa because they entered into a treaty of commerce and navigation with the U.S. The U.S. Department of State publishes this list of countries. However, there are many countries that do not have a treaty with the U.S., like Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay, Portugal, India and other countries. Last year, the U.S. Department of State issued a notification that its treaty with Ecuador was terminated by Ecuador. Therefore, nationals of Ecuador no longer qualify for the E-2 Treaty Investor Visa and Ecuadorian nationals that have made qualifying investments in the U.S. prior to May 18, 2018 will continue to be entitled to E-2 status, but only until May 18, 2028.